It is necessary to distinguish liquid and bulk cargo among a large number of types of cargo.
Liquid cargoes are those that require special containers for transportation - tankers for transportation and flexitank - for shipping.
The peculiarity of such cargoes is that they are transported in liquid form. They are divided into 2 types: chemical and food. Each of these types has its own transportation requirements. For example, tanks for gasoline should be with grounding, because there is a possibility that the container with the substance will light up.
No less specific category of cargo is bulk. Often, such cargo are ore, coal, salt or grain. Their distinguishing feature is that such cargoes consist of small particles and can be strewed. They are conveniently distributed in bulk for transportation, because they occupy the shape of the vessel in which they are located.
Bulk cargo is divided into loose cargo and bulk-loaded cargo. Separation of them is caused by the fact that bulk-loaded cargoes are a non-uniform mass, and loose cargo - on the contrary. In addition, bulk-loaded cargoes have a certain movability. It creates certain difficulties, when they are transported, because it is not always possible to pack goods into barrels or boxes for transportation.
The preparation of such goods for transportation is a rather complicated process, since it is necessary to take into account the possibility of shifting the goods under the influence of shaking and vibration; the propensity of the cargo to spontaneous combustion and the release of hazardous vapors and gases; loss of quality or damage from moisture, dust, pollution, heat, corrosion, fumes, microorganisms and bacteria.
Packaging and the integrity of the coating package have to be checked, it is also known, that the integrity of the control tapes, locks and sealing have to be examined. No less important is checking the actual state of the container and the condition of the container, that is registered in the document.
In the documents accompanying the cargo, its properties should be written in the form of a fraction: the numerator indicates the properties that the cargo itself has, in the denominator - the properties to which this load is sensitive. The same letters in the numerator of one cargo and in the denominator of the other indicate incompatibility of them when one consignment is transported.
When you transport liquid and loose cargoes, there can appear different difficulties not only with choosing of special container for transportation, but also with all the necessary documentation. So, for the avoidance of additional time and money loosing, consult our company’s logistics specialists.